Some time ago I wrote about my experience recovering a customer's Active Directory from a USN Rollback condition that had been caused by some virtualisation work. There has been some discussion in the comments in that post about what to do when you have a single domain controller that thinks it is in a USN Rollback condition (eg has disabled outbound replication and paused the NetLogon service).
Logic would suggest that once a DC knows it is the only DC in the Forest that it would shake off the USN Rollback blues and start humming away normally again. Not the case unfortunately.
Rob P recently spent some time and effort with Microsoft support and came up with a solution that can be applied.
!!!Warning!!! !!!Warning!!! !!!Warning!!!
I'm not 100% sure why I'm warning you, but I'll take Rob's word on the matter. Apparently this fix is quite dangerous and not for the faint of heart. My heart is not the least bit faint, particularly when it comes to my VMWare test environment, so I didn't mind testing this out. At the very least you should make sure you have a backup of the server you can go back to if this doesn't work.
To get a single domain controller out of USN Rollback:
- Open Regedit
- Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesNTDSParameters
- Locate the key “Dsa Not Writable”=dword:00000004
- Delete the entire key
- Enable replication by running repadmin /options servername -DISABLE_OUTBOUND_REPL and repadmin /options servername -DISABLE_INBOUND_REPL
Once your domain controller has rebooted you should find that NetLogon is running again and repadmin /options no longer shows replication as being disabled.
I performed this test on a Windows Server 2003 R2 domain controller and I imagine it works fine on Small Business Server 2003 as well.